To plant strawberries in containers, choose smaller plants and don't overcrowd the container. Fruits during early summer. Spring planting is the most common time for planting strawberry plants and so depending on your area it will likely be best to plant in March or April. In USDA zones 6 and colder, plant outside in the early spring. In this method, strawberry plants are planted about 1-1/2' apart, in rows about 4' apart. You can also buy cold-stored runners. Seedlings will send out runners, or ‘daughter’ plants, which in turn will send out their own runners. In poor soils grow in raised beds, which improves drainage and increases rooting depth. Alternatively, try growing in containers or growing-bags. For a quick harvest, it’s better to go with an 8-12 inch spacing to maximize the number of plants. This isn't necessary with autumn fruiting plants, instead just remove old leaves in the end of season clear up. Expect strawberry plants to crop successfully for four years before replacing them. Plant the strawberry plants so their crowns are just above the soil surfac… Position your plants about 30cm apart, in full sun. How Many Strawberries Do Strawberry Plants Produce? These will produce strawberries in 60 days, reverting to their natural cropping period the following year. Perfect for gardens of all sizes and climates, a strawberry can be grown in a pot, planter, hanging basket, bag or garden beds. Strawberries are tolerant of different soil types, although they prefer loam. 222879/SC038262. Episode 1: How to Plant Strawberries. Cover all roots but keep the middle of the crown (the central growing bud where the leaves begin to emerge) at soil level. Planting bare root strawberries properly is the key to ensuring that they wake from their dormant state and begin berry production as soon as possible. Appears as a white powdery deposit over the leaf surface and leaves become stunted and shrivel. Well you have made it to the top section. Strawberries are incredibly easy to grow. The plants will grow until they eventually form thick, lush rows about 2' wide. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Netting may be required to protect from birds. The following table tells you when to plant strawberry plants according to the U.S. agricultural zones: Strawberry Planting Guide: When to Plant Strawberry Plants. Plant strawberries in sandy, loamy soil with a pH between 5.0-7.0. Strawberries are so versatile – they just need sun, shelter, and fertile, well-drained soil. Don’t be alarmed, this is how they should look. Ideally, begin working in aged manure or compost a couple months before planting. If squirrels are a problem, protect with wire mesh. Plasticulture: grow bare root strawberry plants on plastic. Remove damaged plant parts before they can become infected. Afterwards, water the strawberries regularly to keep the soil moist, and pull out any weeds by hand, making sure to remove them by the roots. There are early, mid-, and late fruiting cultivars cropping from early to mid-summer. Can be prone to disease. Plant strawberries along the edge of a container so that the fruit can hang off the side. Growing strawberries like to set out runners. Mould can also damage ripening fruit such as strawberries. Avoid areas prone to frost and soils that have previously grown potatoes, chrysanthemums, or tomatoes because they are all prone to the disease verticillium wilt. The crops are not so heavy as the summer-fruiting ones and the fruits are smaller, with the plants less likely to produce runners. As they grow, they spread by sending out runners, which root right in the garden bed and produce daughter plants. Strawberries grow best in loose, well-draining, slightly acidic soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.8. A multi-tiered prefab raised bed filled with topsoil and compost is perfect for raising strawberries. Tissue Culture Propagation. In most climates, gardeners can plant strawberries as perennials. Space rows 75cm (30in) apart. Buy plants from a reputable supplier so that cultivars are true to type plants are disease free. Keep the soil moist but not saturated. They have a short but heavy cropping period over two or three weeks. ‘Alice’ AGM:Mid season - One of the best midsummer strawberries with a sweet flavour and juicy texture with good disease resistance. Water well for the first few weeks. Avoid windy sites which will prevent pollinating insects from reaching the flowers. Also remove the straw mulch, fibre mat, or black polythene, to prevent a build-up of pests and diseases. Strawberry plants will spread out about 2 feet in every direction. Pick strawberries when they are bright red all over, ideally during the warmest part of the day because this is when they are at their most tasty. Use a trowel to dig a hole big enough to accommodate the roots of the plant, and if you’re growing strawberries in the ground, plant them 45cm (18") apart, leaving 75cm (30") between rows. STRAWBERRY FAQ, Growing Strawberries Indoors (Hydroponics), reasons you should consider growing your own strawberries, Recommended Strawberry Varieties by State, How Many Strawberries do Strawberry Plants Produce, keeping birds, bugs, and other pests away from your strawberries, 4 Secrets to Growing Loads of Organic Strawberries, Mulching Strawberry Plants with Straw for Winter. The important thing is to plant early enough so your plants can get established before the really harsh temperatures hit. You can buy runners from late summer to early spring, and they should be planted in early autumn, or early spring (avoid planting in winter when the ground is wet and cold). Soil should drain well and not become waterlogged after rain. It isn’t always easy to tell if the plant is alive and healthy, but there are some hints that can clue you into the welfare of the plants. During the growing season, give strawberry plants a liquid potash feed – such as a tomato feed – every 7 to 14 days. Plant bare-rooted strawberry runners in spring or late summer/autumn. Keep the roots in water to avoid drying out during the planting process. This article will show you how to plant them, ongoing care, propagation, pests and diseases and our strawberry growing calendar. Water the plants in well. ‘Pegasus’ AGM:Mid season - A good, reliable cropper with excellent disease resistance, particularly to mildew and verticillium wilt. In-ground gardens, raised beds, and containers are all excellent growing areas. Small containers will need only one to two plants, but you can fill all the openings in a strawberry jar. Avoid planting in windy positions. 1 cup) per square metre of garden and mix thoroughly into the soil. A usually grey, fuzzy fungal growth which can begin as pale or discoloured patches. In zone 6 and further north, plant them outside during the spring months to ensure the plants are well-rooted by the following year. Although this plant produces juicy and sweet fruit throughout the year, it isn’t the easiest to grow. Strawberry plants can be spaced as close as 8 inches or as far apart as several feet. Strawberries for sale in pots or packs (normally from late spring onwards) can be planted as soon as you buy them. More information on propagating your own plants from runners. times. By David Marks Strawberries are a relatively easy crop to grow and they produce very tasty fruit quickly. The higher the number, the closer the zone is to the equator. How to plant and grow strawberries Succulent, highly fragrant and bursting with sweetness, the strawberry is one of the easiest plants to grow, and also one of the most rewarding. ‘Cambridge Favourite’ AGM:Mid season - A traditional favourite, this variety can have a few disease problems but the fruit is juicy and possesses an excellent flavour. ‘Hapil’ AGM:Mid season - This mid-season cultivar produces heavy yields of light red fruits. View all Strawberries at the RHS Plants Shop. If you’re planting strawberry runners, spread the roots out in the hole and make sure the crown of the plant is resting at soil level. Strawberries are sprawling plants. RHS Registered Charity no. Avoid windy sites which will prevent pollinating insects from reaching the flowers. ‘Mara de Bois’:Pepetual - Well liked for its crop of intensely flavoured fruit that is said to be reminiscent of wild strawberries. Strawberries are traditionally grown in rows directly into garden soil. These can be planted from late spring to early summer and will fruit 60 days after planting. Grey mould ( botrytis) is a common disease especially in damp or humid conditions. Use a trowel and make a small hole that will fit the roots of your plant. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, General enquiries ‘Symphony’(PBR) AGM:Late season - Acultivar from Scotland with attractive, glossy, red fruit and excellent flavour. Planting in windy positions can deter pollinators from visiting flowers. In greenhouses, reduce humidity by ventilating and avoid overcrowding of young plants and seedlings. Mounding improves drainage and increases air circulation around plants. Incorporate organic matter … Perpetual strawberries are useful for extending the season. In the bottom of the hole, create a mound … Dig out a hole large enough to accommodate the roots. Simply impressive - this Strawberry and mascarpone tart is simple to make but looks impressive. Soil Fumigation. Strawberries can be bought as potted plants or bare-rooted runners. Nigel Slater’s soft set Strawberry jam is easy to make and tastes of summer. Plant strawberries in spring or fall based on your growing zone. Can be susceptible to mildew. Set the plants so that soil covers the roots but the crown remains above the soil. Planting at the correct depth is important: if the crown is planted too deeply it will rot; if it is planted too shallowly the plants will dry out and die. ‘Aromel’ AGM:Pepetual - A cultivar popular for its delicious flavour. Keep Strawberry Plants Healthy. How to Plant Strawberries Space plants about 12 inches apart down a row. Alternatively, try growing in containers or growing-bags. In early spring, apply general fertiliser such as Growmore at a rate of 50g per sq m (2oz per sq yd). Fruits are firm and have excellent sweet flavour. CLICK PHOTO TO PLAY VIDEO. Runners look like little pieces of roots with very few leaves. As fruits start to develop, tuck straw or fibre mats underneath plants to keep fruit clean. is hardy and has good disease resistance, although it can be susceptible to mildew. Plant in well draining, rich soil. Now take the large plant or several small plants and plant them on the very top. If planting in the autumn or early spring, remove the first flush of flowers of perpetual strawberries, but remove flowers of summer strawberries only if the plants are weak. How to Plant Strawberries. Set plants out 20 inches apart to leave room for runners and leave 4 feet between rows. Trim the roots lightly to 10cm (4in) if necessary, then spread them out in the hole. Ensure that the base of the crown rests lightly on the surface before firming in gently. In poor soils grow in raised beds, which improves drainage and increases rooting depth. Remove any damaged growth and protect the bed with a double layer of horticultural fleece if frost is forecast. Strawberry plants require 6-10 hours a day of direct sunlight, so choose your planting site accordingly. Pinch off all flowers until midsummer for the first season to encourage strong root and top growth. University of Maine Cooperative Extension discusses how to plant a strawberry bed. Plant the Strawberries In early spring, dig small holes every 24" in the rows. Perpetual strawberries – sometimes called everbearers – produce small flushes of fruits from early summer to early autumn. Add a general purpose fertiliser such as Growmore at 100g per sq m (3oz per sq yd). 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