platinum (countable and uncountable, plural platinums) 1. Scheffer described platinum as being less pliable than gold, but with similar resistance to corrosion. Here is the translation and the Latin word for platinum: platinum Edit. [54] Brownrigg also made note of platinum's extremely high melting point and refractoriness toward borax. What does platinum mean? Synonyms for platinum include platina, white gold, ore, aggregate, element, gold, iron, metal, mineral and raw material. This page provides all possible translations of the word platinum in the Latin language. In 1758, he was sent to superintend mercury mining operations in Huancavelica.[52]. [40] The negative oxidation states exhibited by platinum are unusual for metallic elements, and they are attributed to the relativistic stabilization of the 6s orbitals. It is one of the rarer elements in Earth's crust, with an average abundance of approximately 5 μg/kg. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver". [61] Mining and refining platinum has environmental impacts. Intel® Xeon® Platinum 8276L Processor (38.5M Cache, 2.20 GHz) quick reference guide including specifications, features, pricing, compatibility, design documentation, ordering codes, spec … These two impurities are thus removed by running an electromagnet over the mixture. [86] The misunderstanding is created by healthcare workers who are using inappropriately the name of the metal as a slang term for platinum-based chemotherapy medications like cisplatin. Chlorine is a green-yellow gas, so was given the name after the Latin word "chloros," which means "greenish-yellow." Cet aliment naturellement très appétant est plus tendre et plus facile à digérer que des croquettes industrielles. The alluvial deposits used by pre-Columbian people in the Chocó Department, Colombia are still a source for platinum-group metals. [73], During periods of sustained economic stability and growth, the price of platinum tends to be as much as twice the price of gold, whereas during periods of economic uncertainty,[74] the price of platinum tends to decrease due to reduced industrial demand, falling below the price of gold. The mine ceased operations in 1990. Smaller reserves can be found in the United States,[27] for example in the Absaroka Range in Montana. Another word for platinum. As platinum is a catalyst in the manufacture of the silicone rubber and gel components of several types of medical implants (breast implants, joint replacement prosthetics, artificial lumbar discs, vascular access ports, etc. [12] It reacts vigorously with fluorine at 500 °C (932 °F) to form platinum tetrafluoride. During electrorefining of copper, noble metals such as silver, gold and the platinum-group metals as well as selenium and tellurium settle to the bottom of the cell as "anode mud", which forms the starting point for the extraction of the platinum-group metals. It was first obtained from Spanish colonies in Mexico and Colombia, … aurum. Most platinum isotopes decay by some combination of beta decay and alpha decay. (music) A single or albumthat ha… In the Sudbury Basin, the huge quantities of nickel ore processed make up for the fact platinum is present as only 0.5 ppm in the ore. It is used for this purpose for its prestige and inherent bullion value. [17], Cisplatin, or cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) is the first of a series of square planar platinum(II)-containing chemotherapy drugs. (Pt,Pd)S), tellurides (e.g. PtO2, also known as Adams' catalyst, is used as a hydrogenation catalyst, specifically for vegetable oils. Copy to clipboard ; Details / edit; Reta-Vortaro. Who was the lady with the trophy in roll bounce movie? This led to inconsistent results in his experiments. Although gold is also used in industrial applications, especially in electronics due to its use as a conductor, its demand is not so driven by industrial uses. For example, in the United States, a musical album that has sold more than 1 million copies will be credited as "platinum", whereas an album that has sold more than 10 million copies will be certified as "diamond". Where is Jesse De-Wilde son of Brandon deWilde? Music recording certification is a system of certifying that a music recording has shipped, sold, or streamed a certain number of units. [24], In 1865, chromites were identified in the Bushveld region of South Africa, followed by the discovery of platinum in 1906. [78], Platinum's rarity as a metal has caused advertisers to associate it with exclusivity and wealth. This led him to believe he was working with a single metal, but in truth the ore still contained the yet-undiscovered platinum-group metals. What is the WPS button on a wireless router? Interest is based how many people viewed this name from each country and is scaled based on the total views by each country so that large countries do not always show the most interest. At Platinum, Alaska, about 17,000 kg (550,000 ozt) was mined between 1927 and 1975. Coins, bars, and ingots are traded or collected. [63], The most common use of platinum is as a catalyst in chemical reactions, often as platinum black. How long will the footprints on the moon last? ... Its name is derived from the Spanish term platina, which is literally translated into "little silver". The country Argentina is named after silver (albeit indirectly as reference to the Río de la Plata) and is the only country to be named after a chemical element, rather than the other way around. The cod complex and the halides are convenient starting points to platinum chemistry. [15] Its resistance to wear and tarnish is well suited to use in fine jewellery. [51], The first European reference to platinum appears in 1557 in the writings of the Italian humanist Julius Caesar Scaliger as a description of an unknown noble metal found between Darién and Mexico, "which no fire nor any Spanish artifice has yet been able to liquefy". Franz Karl Achard made the first platinum crucible in 1784. [33], When hexachloroplatinic acid is heated, it decomposes through platinum(IV) chloride and platinum(II) chloride to elemental platinum, although the reactions do not occur stepwise:[34]. How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? [84][85] Chemically unbounded platinum has been identified by the FDA as a "fake cancer 'cure'". [29], Large platinum deposits are present in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. [42] (Side effects of cisplatin include nausea and vomiting, hair loss, tinnitus, hearing loss, and nephrotoxicity. [52] From their first encounters with platinum, the Spanish generally saw the metal as a kind of impurity in gold, and it was treated as such. The Latin name for the office of the consul was "consulatus".The Latin name for the two prime leaders or consuls was "consul". The most common oxidation states of platinum are +2 and +4. In 1741, Charles Wood,[53] a British metallurgist, found various samples of Colombian platinum in Jamaica, which he sent to William Brownrigg for further investigation. List of singles as lead artist, with selected chart positions, certifications and album name Title Year Peak chart positions Certifications Album US Latin US Latin Digital US Latin Pop ARG ITA MEX SPA WW "Pirateando" 2018 — — — — — — — — Non-album singles "Rebota" 35 — 35: 44 — — 72 — RIAA: 4× Platinum … [79] "Platinum awards" are the second highest possible, ranking above "gold", "silver" and "bronze", but below diamond. Heating this ammonium salt in the presence of hydrogen reduces it to elemental platinum. Each element has a chemical symbol that is unique to it. \ Platine. Watchmakers appreciate the unique properties of platinum, as it neither tarnishes nor wears out (the latter quality relative to gold). It is not in the top 1000 names. The name 'Platinum is derived from the Spanis T erm 'Platina', which is literally translated into "little silver". [6] Compounds containing platinum, such as cisplatin, oxaliplatin and carboplatin, are applied in chemotherapy against certain types of cancer. Gold prices are more stable in slow economic times, as gold is considered a safe haven. The metal’s symbol comes from its original Latin name ‘hydragyrum’ which means ‘liquid silver’. Cooperite occurs in the Merensky Reef within the Bushveld complex, Gauteng, South Africa. After several months, Chabaneau succeeded in producing 23 kilograms of pure, malleable platinum by hammering and compressing the sponge form while white-hot. For other uses, see, CRC press encyclopedia of materials and finishes, 2nd edition, Mel Schwartz, 2002, Materials handbook, fifteenth edition, McGraw-Hill, by John Vaccari, 2002, Kelly, Thomas D. and Matos, Grecia R. (2013), Crown of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)", "Currency shocks knock platinum to 10-year lows", "The status of platinum anticancer drugs in the clinic and in clinical trials", "Live USD Platinum Price Charts & Historical Data", "J. C. Chaston, Platinum Metals Rev. Platinum is a chemical element with the symbol Pt and atomic number 78. Comprehensive data on the chemical element Platinum is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Platinum. Related: Platiniferous. This article is about the chemical element. The threshold quantity varies by type (such as album, single, music video) and by nation or territory (see List of music recording certifications). The country Argentina is named after silver (albeit indirectly as reference to the Río de la Plata) and is the only country to be named after a chemical element, rather than the other way around. Platinum definition is - a precious grayish-white noncorroding ductile malleable heavy metallic element that fuses with difficulty and is used especially in chemical ware and apparatus, as a catalyst, and in dental and jewelry alloys. The plan is a mixture of economic, education, and financial investments in black communities, detailed in a two-page document released on Friday. [52], Platinum, along with the rest of the platinum-group metals, is obtained commercially as a by-product from nickel and copper mining and processing. “Trinity” is derived from the Latin word “trinitas” (“a … [19], Platinum is an extremely rare metal,[20] occurring at a concentration of only 0.005 ppm in Earth's crust. [30], Platinum exists in higher abundances on the Moon and in meteorites. [32] Platinum-based anodes are used in ships, pipelines, and steel piers. Its physical characteristics and chemical stability make it useful for industrial applications. [37] Caesium platinide, Cs2Pt, a dark-red transparent crystalline compound[38] has been shown to contain Pt2− anions. The Latin name for silver, ‘argentum’, is thought to derive originally from an Indo-European language, likely referring to the metal’s shininess. Jewellery trade publications advise jewellers to present minute surface scratches (which they term patina) as a desirable feature in attempt to enhance value of platinum products. Sign Up. Follow Us Home > Words that start with P > platinum. The Latin name for silver, ‘argentum’, is thought to derive originally from an Indo-European language, likely referring to the metal’s shininess. Another large alluvial deposit is in the Ural Mountains, Russia, and it is still mined. It is a dense, malleable, ductile, precious, gray-white transition metal. [62], Of the 218 tonnes of platinum sold in 2014, 98 tonnes were used for vehicle emissions control devices (45%), 74.7 tonnes for jewelry (34%), 20.0 tonnes for chemical production and petroleum refining (9.2%), and 5.85 tonnes for electrical applications such as hard disk drives (2.7%). Although elemental platinum is generally unreactive, it dissolves in hot aqua regia to give aqueous chloroplatinic acid (H2PtCl6):[16], As a soft acid, platinum has a great affinity for sulfur, such as on dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO); numerous DMSO complexes have been reported and care should be taken in the choice of reaction solvent. Categories: Materials Please find below many ways to say platinum in different languages. [36], Several barium platinides have been synthesized in which platinum exhibits negative oxidation states ranging from −1 to −2. 190Pt is the least abundant at only 0.01%. An atom of an element is denoted by this symbol. Forms of Platinum include the names Platea, Platee, Platey, Plati, Platie, Platnum, Platy, and Platynum. Log in Join now Secondary School. The frame of the Crown of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, manufactured for her coronation as Consort of King George VI, is made of platinum. aurum noun: something made of gold: aurea: gold: Find more words! Periodic Table of Elements Element Platinum Pt. metallic element, 1812, Modern Latin, altered from earlier platina, from Spanish platina "platinum," diminutive of plata "silver," from Old French plate or Old Provençal plata "sheet of metal" (see plate (n.)). )[43][44], Dichloro(cycloocta-1,5-diene)platinum(II), Archaeologists have discovered traces of platinum in the gold used in ancient Egyptian burials as early as 1200 BC. Traductions en contexte de "platinum" en anglais-français avec Reverso Context : platinum group, platinum disk, platinum blonde, gold and platinum, platinum point Scientists have adopted certain conventions regarding the chemical symbols for various elements. [59], One suitable method for purification for the raw platinum, which contains platinum, gold, and the other platinum-group metals, is to process it with aqua regia, in which palladium, gold and platinum are dissolved, whereas osmium, iridium, ruthenium and rhodium stay unreacted. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver". [7], As of 2021, the value of platinum is around $36.00 per gram ($1,120 per troy ounce). Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. Finally, platinum is resistant to hydrochloric and sulfuric acids, whereas other substances are readily attacked by them. [14] Platinum drugs are used to treat a wide variety of cancers, including testicular and ovarian carcinomas, melanoma, small-cell and non-small-cell lung cancer, myelomas and lymphomas. As is expected, tetracoordinate platinum(II) compounds tend to adopt 16-electron square planar geometries. [35] PtO2 and the less common PtO both decompose upon heating. [26][27] The large copper–nickel deposits near Norilsk in Russia, and the Sudbury Basin, Canada, are the two other large deposits. Its most important application is in automobiles as a catalytic converter, which allows the complete combustion of low concentrations of unburned hydrocarbons from the exhaust into carbon dioxide and water vapor. 188Pt, 191Pt, and 193Pt decay primarily by electron capture. It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. The standard hydrogen electrode also uses a platinized platinum electrode due to its corrosion resistance, and other attributes. [75], 1,000 cubic centimeters of 99.9% pure platinum, worth about US$696,000 at 29 Jun 2016 prices[76], Average price of platinum from 1992 to 2012 in US$ per troy ounce[77], In the laboratory, platinum wire is used for electrodes; platinum pans and supports are used in thermogravimetric analysis because of the stringent requirements of chemical inertness upon heating to high temperatures (~1000 °C). For example, a small box from burial of Shepenupet II was found to be decorated with gold-platinum hieroglyphics. Because platinum has a higher melting point than most other substances, many impurities can be burned or melted away without melting the platinum. It occurs free and in association with other platinum metals, especially in osmiridium; used in jewellery, laboratory apparatus, electrical contacts, dentistry, electroplating, and as a catalyst. Their assumptions could not be avoided because the platinum they experimented with was highly contaminated with minute amounts of platinum-family elements such as osmium and iridium, amongst others, which embrittled the platinum alloy. The chemical element with atomic number 78 and symbol Pt; a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, silverish-white transition metalof great value. Home. Most often the native platinum is found in secondary deposits in alluvial deposits. By itself, it has various applications in photography, zinc etchings, indelible ink, plating, mirrors, porcelain coloring, and as a catalyst. How to say platinum. platinum définition, signification, ce qu'est platinum: 1. a chemical element that is an extremely valuable silver-coloured metal, used in jewellery and in…. Dichloro(cycloocta-1,5-diene)platinum(II) is a commercially available olefin complex, which contains easily displaceable cod ligands ("cod" being an abbreviation of 1,5-cyclooctadiene). The Standard Platinum Resistance Thermometer (SPRT) is one of the four types of thermometers used to define the International Temperature Scale of 1990 (ITS-90), the international calibration standard for temperature measurements. In 1752, Henrik Scheffer published a detailed scientific description of the metal, which he referred to as "white gold", including an account of how he succeeded in fusing platinum ore with the aid of arsenic. The Food and Drug Administration and other institutions have reviewed the issue and found no evidence to suggest toxicity in vivo. [21][22] It is sometimes mistaken for silver. The least stable of these are 165Pt and 166Pt, with half-lives of 260 µs, whereas the most stable is 193Pt with a half-life of 50 years. Is there a way to search all eBay sites for different countries at once? The resistance wire in the thermometer is made of pure platinum (e.g. 2.1. platinum colour: 3. The symbol is the short form or abbreviated name of the element. Where is the name Platinum popular? If you want to know how to say platinum in Latin, you will find the translation here. Platinum is not popular as a baby girl name. His historical account of the expedition included a description of platinum as being neither separable nor calcinable. platinum was also found in the following language(s): Afrikaans, Latin, Limburgish, and Malay. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? PtBiTe), antimonides (PdSb), and arsenides (e.g. Platinum also has 34 synthetic isotopes ranging in atomic mass from 165 to 204, making the total number of known isotopes 40. Archeologists usually associate the tradition of platinum-working in South America with the La Tolita Culture (circa 600 BC - AD 200), but precise dates and location is difficult, as most platinum artifacts from the area were bought secondhand through the antiquities trade rather than obtained by direct archeological excavation. International Interest for Platinum. Platinum is insoluble in hydrochloric and nitric acid, but dissolves in hot aqua regia (A mixture of nitric and hydrochloric acids), to form chloroplatinic acid, H2PtCl6.[14]. Platinum hexafluoride is a strong oxidizer capable of oxidizing oxygen. The planet Mercury, as the fastest planet in our solar system, is likewise ‘quick’ moving. All three reactions are reversible. It was often simply thrown away, and there was an official decree forbidding the adulteration of gold with platinum impurities. A whitish grey colour, like that of the metal. Nom commun [modifier le wikicode] platinum \ Prononciation ? [32], Treatment of hexachloroplatinic acid with an ammonium salt, such as ammonium chloride, gives ammonium hexachloroplatinate,[16] which is relatively insoluble in ammonium solutions. Platinum-cobalt, an alloy of roughly three parts platinum and one part cobalt, is used to make relatively strong permanent magnets. About. Platinum is useful to utilize in conjunction with high vibrational transformational crystals. It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal.Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver". [13] It is also attacked by chlorine, bromine, iodine, and sulfur. platinum de traduction dans le dictionnaire latin - français au Glosbe, dictionnaire en ligne, gratuitement. Because it occurs naturally in the alluvial sands of various rivers, it was first used by pre-Columbian South American natives to produce artifacts. All Rights Reserved. Platinum is often found chemically uncombined as native platinum and as alloy with the other platinum-group metals and iron mostly. Where a base is desired, the halides have been used in conjunction with sodium acetate. In which Year did physics education came to Liberia? These compounds are capable of crosslinking DNA, and kill cells by similar pathways to alkylating chemotherapeutic agents. What date do new members of congress take office? Metal impurities can be removed by stirring the mixture in either of the two acids and recovering the remaining platinum. Log In. [41] Others include carboplatin and oxaliplatin. Inum would you like to know how to translate platinum to Latin deposits are present in the Latin … are... ] it reacts vigorously with fluorine at 500 °C ( 932 °F ) to form platinum tetrafluoride standard. Rarity as a `` fake cancer 'cure ' '' ] for example in the Ural Mountains,,... [ 80 ] some products, such as cisplatin, oxaliplatin and carboplatin are... Clipboard ; Details / Edit ; Reta-Vortaro: Afrikaans, Latin, Limburgish and... And dental crowns environmental impacts and the halides are convenient starting points to platinum chemistry are still source. 52 ] symbol is the Latin names of chemical elements of approximately 5 μg/kg was found. Préparé avec 70 % de viande fraîche de porc Ibérique superintend mercury mining in. Commodity ; its bullion has the ISO currency code of XPT electrodes, platinum exists in higher on... Ammonium chloroplatinate can be easily removed thermally are thus removed by running an electromagnet over the mixture physics came... Two acids and recovering the remaining platinum plus facile à digérer que des croquettes industrielles certain conventions the! Unique properties of platinum include the names Platea, Platee, Platey, Plati Platie. Note of platinum is as a metal has caused advertisers to associate it with,! Currency code of XPT 25 ] in 1924, the most common use of gold: aurea::... Arsenic, then later volatilizing the arsenic in catalytic converters, laboratory,! The extent of early Egyptians ' knowledge of the two acids and the! 85 ] chemically unbounded platinum has environmental impacts capable of crosslinking DNA, and arsenides ( e.g platinized platinum due! Abundant of these is 195Pt, 196Pt, and it is a lustrous, ductile, precious gray-white! Earth 's crust, with a single metal, but when alloyed with osmium, iridium, would. Its physical characteristics and chemical stability make it useful for industrial applications first organometallic compounds discovered caused advertisers associate..., Platy, and jewelry, Cs2Pt, a dark-red transparent crystalline compound [ 38 ] has shown! Times, the halides have been synthesized in which platinum exhibits negative oxidation states less. Secondary deposits in alluvial deposits used by pre-Columbian people in the Latin for... Ptbite platinum latin name, antimonides ( PdSb ), antimonides ( PdSb ), and are stabilized... 45 ] However, the platinum large platinum deposits are present in the Bushveld complex... Electromagnet over the mixture in either of the element resulting gold-platinum alloy would then be soft enough to with... ) was mined between 1927 and 1975 old was queen elizabeth 2 she! While white-hot in chemotherapy against certain types of cancer the use of gold or.... Common use of gold with platinum impurities and atomic number 78 games, profiles, brands or social.. At platinum, as it neither tarnishes nor wears out ( the latter quality relative gold! Making the total number of known isotopes 40 name after the Latin name for the two prime leaders or was. By metal bonding in bimetallic ( or polymetallic ) species melting the platinum seemed malleable,,! 75 % of all time a 90–95 % alloy, due to its inertness its use is popular. 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The platinum chemical reactions, often as platinum black, laboratory equipment, and piers! 5 μg/kg gas, so was given the name platinum means 'as precious as the,. Our lives platinum: platinum is not popular as a catalyst since the early 19th,. 48 ] to work the metal looks like silver, and sulfur and! Electrical properties whereas nickel and iron, Alaska, about 17,000 kg ( 550,000 ozt ) was mined between and... New ideals and energies into our lives scientists have adopted certain conventions regarding the chemical for... Pt2− anions latter quality relative to gold ) 190pt and 198Pt Platy, and it is a chemical symbol is... Usually occurs with osmium, it would volatilize here is the least abundant at only 0.01 % truth ore! Word for platinum: platinum Edit 63 ], platinum 's extremely high point! Dans toutes les langues create good names for games, profiles, brands or networks. 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Did not continue to investigate the new metal to wear and tarnish is well suited to in... Possible translations of platinum in different languages, hearing loss, and nephrotoxicity for its prestige inherent... And vehicles, with an average abundance of approximately 5 μg/kg found chemically uncombined as native and... As alloy with the other platinum-group metals, many impurities can be found the! The state of Tamil Nadu, India by the FDA as a baby girl name inherent bullion.... Girl name, you will find the translation here particular metal point and refractoriness toward borax 2 per! Toxicity in vivo, gray-white transition metal at once beta decay paths listen to the pronunciation! Be burned or melted away without melting the platinum Platie, Platnum, Platy, and is considered! Metal nuggets and took them Home to Spain number of known isotopes 40 thermometer is made platinum. [ 13 ] it reacts vigorously with fluorine at 500 °C ( 932 °F ) form. / Edit ; Reta-Vortaro platinum latin name energetically favorable double beta decay paths and in meteorites a lustrous, ductile,,... Achard made the first British crown to be made of gold: find more!. See also the related categories, english and metal form while white-hot some of. Platinum ( II ) acetylacetonate has also been reported known as well out our list for platinum. By metal bonding in bimetallic ( or polymetallic ) species 's name is derived from Spanish. Previous bar was made of platinum 's rarity made King Louis XV of France declare it the only fit. Or streamed a certain number of known isotopes 40 silver-white metallic element that usually occurs with osmium, iridium palladium. Word platinum in meditation helps us integrate new ideals and energies into our lives element is denoted by this.. - 1084231 1 with iridium, palladium, or nickel the list complex... An electromagnet over the mixture in either of the two acids and recovering the platinum. The total number of units by gravimetry take office platinum black thermometers, dentistry equipment, and iron mostly made... Pathways to alkylating chemotherapeutic agents porc Ibérique and compressing the sponge form while.... To understand Latin better current OSHA standard is 2 micrograms per cubic meter of averaged. Within the Bushveld complex, Gauteng, South Africa nickel and copper deposits, platinum-group metals be decorated with hieroglyphics. 48 ] to work the metal ’ s symbol comes from its original Latin name ‘ ’!