Census of India, about 41% of the Manipuri individuals practice Hinduism, and After its junction with the Tuivai, the Barak River turns north, forms the border with Assam State, and then enters the Cachar Assam just above Lakhipur. potential. Yubi lakpi. Manipur is a state in the Northeastern part of India with [77] The state has hydroelectric power generation potential, estimated to be over 2 gigawatt-hours (7.2 TJ). The stadium is used for a sports venue. [30] Medieval era Manipur manuscripts discovered in the 20th century, particularly the Puya, provide evidence that Hindus from the Indian subcontinent were married to Manipur royalty at least by the 14th century. In the 20th century, a few Christian schools were established, which introduced Western-type education.[58]. The hills are inhabited mainly by the Nagas, and Kukis, and smaller tribal communities and the valley (plains) mainly by the Meiteis, Manipuri Brahmins (Bamons) and Pangal (Manipuri Muslims). The Khuman Lampak Sports Complex was built for the 1997 National Games. The festivals of Manipur are Lui-ngai-ni Ningol Chakouba, Shirui Lily festival, Yaoshang, Gan-ngai, Chumpha, Cheiraoba, Kang and Heikru Hidongba, as well as the broader religious festivals Eid-Ul-Fitr, Eid-Ul-Adha and Christmas. According to the 2011 Census of India, about 41.39% of the Manipuri people practice Hinduism, and 41.29% Christianity. For example, in 1977 the People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK) was formed, the People's Liberation Army (PLA) was formed in 1978 which Human Rights Watch states as having received arms and training from China. [citation needed]. staple eating routine of the locals is made of rice, fish, and regular There is a Sendra tourist home with an attached cafeteria in the middle of the lake. is a combination of indigenous culture and conventions, the attire and the It receives an average annual rainfall of 1,467.5 millimetres (57.78 in). The the past 5 years has to be taken into account. The During the Langbachak era, it became Tilli Koktong Leikoiren, and finally was known as Muwapali in the Konnachak epoch. In 2011 there were total 92124 families residing in Imphal East district. Manipur is a multi-ethnic state located at the easternmost part of India. There was a total of 1,822 who had graduated in addition to 86 technical and professional graduates. professional tournaments to go and make it big and represent the country in the The legend is that, Shri Govindajee appeared in the dream of his devotee, Shri Jai Singh Maharaja, and asked the saintly king to install in a temple, an image of Shri Govindajee. The In absolute numbers, out of the total increase of 403,602 added in the last decade, the contribution of rural is 145,416 and urban area is 258,186. [106], First of its kind in India, National Sports University will be constructed in Manipur.[107]. Here you can find the Population of Indian states in 2020. Manipur covers an area of 22,327 square kilometers. It is bordered by Heirok village in the east, Tentha village in the south-west, and on the other side by agricultural land. These religions have a long history in Manipur. Total population of Manipur as per 2011 census is 2,855,794 of which male and female are 1,438,586 and 1,417,208 respectively. people that settle in here from neighboring states or area and it is one of the The capital city of Manipur is Imphal. [59] However, the first Hindu temples were constructed much earlier. It is celebrated every year in the month of September–October after harvesting. Of the total population, 61.54% live in the valley and the remaining 38.46% are in the hill areas. It is Its 25 years of existence in theatre had disciplined its performers to a world of excellence. Hence, the population in 2020 as per estimated data = 388,484.12. Another major language family is the Naga languages, like Tangkhul, Poula, Rongmei and Mao. 41.1% Christianity. State/Districts. Some of the traditional deities (Lais) whom Meiteis worship are Atiya Sidaba, Pakhangba, Sanamahi, Leimaren, Oknarel, Thangnarel, Panganba, Thangjing, Marjing, Wangbaren, and Koubru. [48] (By comparison, India receives 400 Mham of rain annually. There are seasonal flowers and number of flora and fauna. flights through Imphal air terminal, the second biggest in northeastern India. It is connected to other areas by daily flights through Imphal airport, the second largest in northeastern India. From carefully sewn weaving’s to [66] The state sends two representatives to the Lok Sabha of the Parliament of India. Besides the feast, gifts are given to the women/invitees and to their children. They adopted its rules, calling the game polo, and playing it on their horses. Ningthou Kangba (15th century BCE) is regarded as the first and foremost king of Manipur. Gaan-Ngai is the greatest festival of the Zeliangrong people. [103] It is observed on the first lunar day of the lunar month Sajibu (March/April) and so it is also popularly known as Sajibu Cheiraoba. This implies that the majority of the population of the State, particularly in hills, is either living in forests or forest fringe. The hills are inhabited mainly by the Nagas, and Kukis, and smaller tribal communities and the valley (plains) mainly by the Meiteis, Manipuri Brahmins (Bamons) and Pangal (Manipuri Muslims). [96], The auditorium of the theatre is on the outskirts of Imphal and the campus stretches for about 2 acres (8,100 m2). basically an agrarian economy, with huge hydroelectric power generation The population of Manipur as per the 2011 census is 2,721,756 compared to 2,293,896 in the 2001 census. The total population growth in this decade was 24.50 percent while in previous decade it was 30.02 percent. Manipur might be described as two different physical locales: a peripheral region of tough slopes and valleys, and the internal zone of flat plains. Sanamahism as a religion is followed as well. The coconut is greased to make it slippery. It also borders two regions of Myanmar. [22], Besides Meitei, which is the language of the majority of the people in Manipur, there is a huge amount of linguistic diversity as is the case in most of the Northeast. The Shan or Pong called the area Cassay, the Burmese Kathe, and the Assamese Meklee. state a lot appealing. Manipur Population 2020 – 3.43344 Million (estimated). Joseph Ford Sherer is called the Father of English Polo; see Horace A. Laffaye (2009), North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971, People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak, Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, Shaikh Shah Jalal d-Dīn al-Mujarrad al-Turk al Naqshbandi, Class I Muslim officers including three women, List of institutions of higher education in Manipur, National Institute of Technology, Manipur, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Manipur, Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences, "Guv Dr Najma Heptulla presents Ustad Bismillah Khan Puraskar", BJP leader Biren Singh sworn in as Manipur Chief Minister, "Manipur Population Sex Ratio in Manipur Literacy rate data", "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab", "At a Glance « Official website of Manipur", Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues – 2000, "Trade connection of Manipur with Southeast Asia in Pre British period Part 2 by Budha Kamei", Singh, Socio-religious and Political Movements in Modern Manipur 2011, http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/PCA/ST.html, "Population by religion community - 2011", "Hueiyen Lanpao | Official Website Manipur Daily", Lieutenant (later Major General) Joseph Ford Sherer, Assistant to the Superintendent of Cachar, with his bearers, Manipur, 1861, "Why it matters how Manipur became a state", "Manipur, India - A safe house for dangerous men", "Irom Sharmila: World's longest hunger strike ends", Haokip, Shri Ngamthang (2007) "Basine Delineation Map of Manipur", https://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/103655/7/07_chapter%204.pdf, "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "Census of India : C-1 Population By Religious Community", https://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/93320/11/11_chapter%204.pdf, http://14.139.13.47:8080/jspui/bitstream/10603/249207/6/06_chapter-ii.pdf, "The Vaishnava Temples of Manipur: An Historical Study", "Evolution of clan system Manipuri Muslim 1", "Muslims in Manipur: A look at their socio-economic condition", "State/UT wise Seats in the Assembly and their Reservation Status", "Centre inks peace accord with Naga insurgent outfit", "Misusing NSA: the detention of a Manipur journalist", State wise : Population, GSDP, Per Capita Income and Growth Rate, "Manipur's villagers take charge, fix 19km stretch of roads: ANI – The Indian Express", "Rail link from Manipur to Vietnam on cards: Tharoor – Times Of India", "Thalon Cave, Tamenglong: December 2009 ~ Pictures from Manipur", Silver salver presented to Captain Joseph Ford Sherer, "Lok Sabha passes Bill to set-up sports varsity in Manipur", "Socio-religious and Political Movements in Modern Manipur 1934–51", "In the Shadow of Hollywood Orientalism: Authentic East Indian Dancing", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, List of princely states of British India (alphabetical), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Manipur&oldid=999297147, States and territories established in 1972, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Articles to be expanded from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 13:29. Imphal International Airport is situated in the capital Imphal which connects direct flights from Imphal to Kolkata, Guwahati, New Delhi, Bangalore and Agartala. Different groups have claimed responsibility for the explosions, some claiming they were targeting competing militant groups, others claiming their targets were state and central government officials. Instruction is mainly in English. [46] The slope of the valley is from north to south. Rivers draining the eastern part of the state, the Yu River Basin, include the Chamu, Khunou and other short streams. There are 5,57,859 houses in the state. [19], The Meitei ethnic group[20] represents around 53% of the population of Manipur state, followed by various Naga tribes at 24% and various Kuki-Zo tribes at 16%. Castes Working Population in Manipur, 2011 Census 58 2.28 District-wise Distribution of Scheduled Tribes Working Population in Manipur, 2011 Census 62 2.29 Population by Five Year age group, sex and sector of Manipur according to 2001 Census 66 Table No. Population: Manipur has a population of 22.94 lakhs (2001 Census provisional figure). [68], The violence in Manipur extends beyond the conflict between Indian security forces and insurgent armed groups. Manipuri is the official language of Manipur, which is spoken by the majority of the population. Manipur has been at the crossroads of Asian economic and cultural exchange for more than 2,500 years. The population density of the state is 130 people per square The Meitei ethnic … Read more Manipur has produced notable players such as Jubaraj Bir Tikendraji (Senapati of Manipur Army) as legendary player described by Mrs. Grimwood (1887–90). Secular theatre is mostly confined to themes that are not religious; it is performed in the secular or profane spheres. It is performed in an area of 13×13 ft in the centre of any open space, in a very simple style without a raised stage, set design, or heavy props such as curtains, background scenery, and visual effects. The total area covered by the state is 22,327 square kilometres (8,621 sq mi). It was brought by Protestant missionaries to Manipur in the 19th century. [81] The proposed Trans-Asian Railway (TAR), if constructed, will pass through Manipur, connecting India to Burma, Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore. Its continued application has led to numerous protests, notably the longstanding hunger strike by Irom Sharmila Chanu. Total population of Manipur as per 2011 census is 2,855,794 of which male and female are 1,438,586 and 1,417,208 respectively. People of Manipur immaculate and decorate their houses and make a sumptuous variety of dishes to feast upon after offering food to the deity on this day. The Meitei individuals are a larger part in Manipur. [34] Maharaja Bodhchandra was summoned to Shillong, to merge the kingdom into the Union of India. Greenery accompanies a moderate climate. The population of Imphal in 2020 is expected to be 377,251.6 + 11,232.52 = 388,484.12. [91][92] It is particularly known for its Hindu Vaishnavism themes, and exquisite performances of love-inspired dance drama of Radha-Krishna called Raslila. It argues that conventional demographic factors cannot explain the abnormal population growth rates reported in parts of northern Manipur, and that the abnormalities in the headcount are instead associated with competition for seats in the state legislative assembly. The Pangals are mainly concentrated in and around Imphal, the capital of Manipur and Thoubal. [31] The socio-political turmoil and wars, particularly the persistent and devastating Manipur-Burma wars, affected the cultural and religious demography of Manipur.[32]. Sanamahism is the ancient indigenous animistic religion. The state government appealed to the central government in New Delhi for support in combating this violence. As per the Census India 2011, Manipur has 557859 households, population of 2855794 of which 1438586 are males and 1417208 are females. Nagas are a sizeable population in Manipur and the worry is about the state’s territorial integrity. This paper examines Manipur’s census statistics for the period between 1991 and 2011. [37] It was made a Union Territory in 1956. The capital lies in an oval-shaped valley of approximately 700 square miles (2,000 km2) surrounded by blue mountains and is at an elevation of 790 metres (2,590 ft) above sea level. In the first treaty between the British East India Company and Meidingu Chingthangkhomba (Bhagyachandra) signed in 1762, the kingdom was recorded as Meckley. Manipur Most of these festivals are celebrated on the basis of the lunar calendar. Meitei mythology believes that UmangLai Heloi-Taret (seven deities–seven fairies) played this game on the Courtyard of the temple of Umang Lai Lairembi. The Sangai Festival showcases the tourism potential of Manipur in the field of arts and culture, handloom, handicrafts, indigenous sports, cuisine, music and adventure sports. The aim is to run while carrying the greased coconut and physically cross over the goal line, while the other team tackles and blocks any such attempt as well as tries to grab the coconut and score on its own. During the Hayachak period, it was known as Mayai Koiren poirei namthak saronpung or Tilli Koktong Ahanba; in the Khunungchak period, it was Meera Pongthoklam. Held on 9 November,[108] this is a social festival of the Meiteis and many communities of Manipur where married women (Ningol) are invited (Chakouba, literally calling to a meal; for dinner or lunch) to a feast at their parental house accompanied by their children. [citation needed], Almost all the rivers in the valley area are in the mature stage and therefore deposit their sediment load in the Loktak lake. The state is located between latitude 23°83' N and 25°68'N, and longitude 93°E and 94°E. skillfully hand lingered textures are something very unique compared to other The valley region has hills and mounds rising above the flat surface. There were 51 Class I Muslim officers including three women, 101 Class II officers and 1,270 and 1,663 employees belonging to Class III and IV categories respectively. Khomdan Singh Lisam, Encyclopaedia Of Manipur, Mills, J. H. (2006), Manipur Rules Here - Gender, Politics, and Sport in an Asian Border Zone, Journal of Sport & Social Issues, 30(1), 62-78. [38] and a fully-fledged State in 1972 by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. The total population growth in the decade from 2001-2011 was 24.5%, Soil on the steep hill slopes is subject to high erosion, resulting in gullies and barren rock slopes. Its people were known by various names, such as Mi-tei, Poirei-Mitei, Meetei, Maitei or Meitei. Kut is not restricted to a community or tribe — the whole state populace participates in merriment. The distribution of area, population and density, and literacy rate as per the 2001 Census provisional figures are as below:[citation needed], The Meitei[20] (synonymous to Manipuri) constitute the majority of the state's population. The total area of Manipur is 22,327 sq. propelled from their unique culture. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), age … [57], The Meitei people are a majority in the state of Manipur. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Churachandpur District of Manipur. This paper examines Manipur’s census statistics for the period between 1991 and 2011. These acts further cement isolation and insurgency among locals. In 1824, the ruler of Manipur entered into a subsidiary alliance with the British Empire in the Indian subcontinent, which became responsible for Manipur's external defence. kilometre. [citation needed], Mukna is a popular form of wrestling. The Puwaris, Ninghthou Kangbalon, Ningthourol Lambuba, Cheitharol Kumbaba, Poireiton Khunthokpa, recorded the events of each King who ruled Manipur in a span of more than 3500 years until 1955 CE (a total of more than 108 kings). Folk religions are practised by the Meitei people. Manipur population by Age Group (2011) Age group Male Female Total M per 100 F; Persons … The maximum temperature in the summer months is 32 °C (90 °F). It was to be carved out of a jack fruit tree, which was then growing at Kaina. As per conclusion, the population of Manipur in 2020 as per estimates history of the state of Manipur goes back to the 1500 B.C. It has a total population of 28, 55,794 according to 2011 Census of India covering an area of 22,327 square kilometers. [101] It is like the game of rugby,[102] or American football. It is the Holi festival (festival of colour) but Yaosang is the regional name given by the people of Manipur. It is named after Manipur's state animal, the brow-antlered Sangai deer. [33] During World War II, Manipur was the scene of many fierce battles between Japanese invaders and British Indian forces. Proof of caverns As per the Census 2011 out of total population of Manipur, 29.21% people lived in urban regions while 70.79% in rural areas. The population of Manipur As per ISO 3166-2:IN standard - the ISO code of Manipur is IN-MN. These negotiations were cut short with the outbreak of World War II in 1939. [76] Some cash crops suited for Manipur include Lychee, Cashew, Walnut, Orange, Lemon, Pineapple, Papaya, Passion Fruit, Peach, Pear and Plum. [46] The rivers draining the Manipur Hills are comparatively young, due to the hilly terrain through which they flow. The total figure of population of urban population was 834,154 out of which 411,702 … These rivers are corrosive and assume turbulent form in the rainy season. The word "Manipur" is made-up of two Sanskrit words "मणि"(Maṇi), which means jewel and "पुर"(Purǝ), which means land/place/abode, Manipur is translated as "Jewelled land". of Manipur, Directorate of Eco./Stas : Economic Survey, Manipur, 2002-2003. [47] The water resources of Barak and Manipur river basins are about 1.8487 Mham (million hectare metres). [61] The Vishnu temple at Lamangdong was constructed during 1474 CE (during the reign of King Kiyamba), by Brahmins from the Shan State. In 2001, total population was 2,293,896 in which males were 1,161,952 while females were 1,131,944. Bishnupriya Manipuri, Naga and Kuki settlements are also found in the valley region, though less in numbers. In Manipur, The hilly areas constitute about 90% of the total geographical area and the total area occupied by all lakes is around 600 sq km. As India's second largest airport in the northeast, it serves as a key logistical centre for northeastern states.The Tulihal Airport has been renamed Bir Tikendrajit Airport. Shumang lila is very popular. Rice is the major crop, and the rich soil also supports corn (maize), sugarcane, mustard, tobacco, orchard fruits, and pulses . Manipur (/ˈmʌnɪpʊər/ (listen)) is a state in northeastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. [citation needed] They influenced Manipuri Muslims. people of Manipur squeezed the regal rulers for democracy. Almost every festival celebrated in other states of India is observed. Find the complete list of Rajya Sabha MP (Member of Parliament) belong to Manipur state on right hand side. [citation needed] These groups started experimenting with types of plays apart from historical and Puranic ones. The historical accounts presented here were recordings from the eyes and the judgment of the Meitei Kings and Maichous (Meitei scholars). Manipur has a population of 28,55,794 peoples. [58], Vaishnavite Hinduism was the state religion of the Kingdom of Manipur. Over time, many more groups formed in Manipur, each with different goals, and deriving support from diverse ethnic groups in Manipur. with pre-historic human settlements and numerous other charming finds make the Keibul Lamjao National Park, 48 km (30 mi) away from Imphal is an abode of the rare and endangered species of brow antlered deer. ii. The hills are inhabited mainly by the tribals and the valley by the Meiteis [85][citation needed] [97] Mukna Kangjei, or Khong Kangjei, is a game which combines the arts of mukna (wrestling hockey) and Kangjei (Cane Stick) to play the ball made of seasoned bamboo roots. [76], Manipur produced about 0.1 gigawatt-hours (0.36 TJ) of electricity in 2010 with its infrastructure. The normal rainfall of Manipur enriches the soil and helps in agriculture and irrigation. The population of all cities and towns in the State of Manipur by census years. Population. [36] Thereafter, the legislative assembly was dissolved, and in October 1949 Manipur became part of India. As of 2010, if half of this potential is realised, it is estimated that this would supply 24/7 electricity to all residents, with a surplus for sale, as well as supplying the Burma power grid. It also contains a cyclists' velodrome. [22][23], Manipur has primarily an agrarian economy, with significant hydroelectric power generation potential. Manipur schools are run by the state and central government or by private organisation. This has resulted in decrease in the share to the total population. [citation needed] Some of them have received international acclaim. The legislature of the state is Unicameral. [24] National Highway NH-39 links Manipur with the rest of the country through the railway stations at Dimapur in Nagaland at a distance of 215 km (134 mi) from Imphal. [91][89][93] However, the dance is also performed to themes related to Shaivism, Shaktism and regional deities such as Umang Lai during Lai Haraoba. The official languages are Meitei language and English. Million. [60] During the 13th century, King Meidingu Khumomba constructed a Lord Hanuman temple. NSA is meant to be used when there is grave danger to society not to stifle dissent. In 1995, out of 135,000 Muslims, 5,704 had matriculated from secondary school. Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males) Density (per sq. Broadly, there are four types of forests: Tropical Semi-evergreen, Dry Temperate Forest, Sub-Tropical Pine, and Tropical Moist Deciduous. Kaina is a hillock about 921 metres (3,022 ft) above sea level. As a point of comparison, the average annual global rate of violent death between 2004 and 2009 was 7.9 per 100,000 people. This northeastern corner of India enjoys a generally amiable climate, though the winters can be chilly. The theatre association has churned out internationally acclaimed plays like Chakravyuha and Uttarpriyadashi. states. TRIBES OF MANIPUR. [112], Also known as Sajibugi Nongma Panba and held in March or April, Cheiraoba is the new year of Manipur. An official Census 2011 detail of Churachandpur, a district of Manipur has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Manipur. In 1891 CE, after the defeat of the Meiteis by the British in the Anglo-Manipuri war of Khongjom, the sovereignty of Manipur which it had maintained for more than three millenniums, was lost. [30], By the medieval period, marriage alliances between royal families of the Manipur kingdom, Ahom (Assam) and Burma had become common. Other religions include Islam, Sanamahism, Buddhism, Judaism etc. Manipur, one of the seven states in north-east India has a total area of 22,327 square kilometers. It is in the district of Bishnupur. The history of Manipur Meities is chronicled in Puyas or Puwaris (stories about the forefathers), namely, the Ninghthou Kangbalon, Cheitharol Kumbaba, Ningthourol Lambuba, Poireiton Khunthokpa, Panthoibi Khongkul, and so forth in the archaic Meitei script, which is comparable to the Thai script. Manipur has a population of 28,55,794 peoples. [87] Khangkhui Cave is a natural limestone cave in Ukhrul district. As indicated by the 2011 Castes Working Population in Manipur, 2011 Census 58 2.28 District-wise Distribution of Scheduled Tribes Working Population in Manipur, 2011 Census 62 2.29 Population by Five Year age group, sex and sector of Manipur according to 2001 Census 66 Table No. 2. The total area occupied by all the lakes is about 600 km2. The hills are inhabited mainly by the tribals and the valley by the Meiteis (including Meitei Muslims). Manipur is the 24th populous state in India, and the total area of … [21] The main language of the state is Meiteilon (also known as Manipuri). On 15 October 1949, Manipur was unified with India. * Provisional Population, Census of India 2011 . Manipur’s population is largely rural, Imphal being the only city of any size. Manipur is one of state in India with population of 2855794. The districts of Bishnupur, Thoubal, Imphal East, and Imphal West all have Hindu majorities, averaging 67.62% (range 62.27–74.81%) according to the 2011 census data. State in India. Total rural population of Manipur State is 2021640 which is 70.79% of total Manipur’s population and Manipur urban population is 834154 about 29.21% of total population. [10][11], During the days of the British Indian Empire, the Kingdom of Manipur was one of the princely states. game of polo has its starting point established in Manipur. The Manipur State Constitution Act of 1947 established a democratic form of government, with the Maharaja continuing as the head of state. Later on, the work Dharani Samhita (1825–34) popularised the Sanskrit legends of the origin of Manipur's name.[29]. Manipur population in 2021 is estimated to be 3.1 Million (31 Lakhs), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31 May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 3,091,545. Km are valley while the remaining areas are covered with hilly tracts. This has resulted in decrease in the share to the total population. The state has four major river basins: the Barak River Basin (Barak Valley) to the west, the Manipur River Basin in central Manipur, the Yu River Basin in the east, and a portion of the Lanye River Basin in the north. Agriculture and forestry are the main sources of income. In 1901, the Meitei were recorded as the main ethnicity of Manipur. has grown by 0.4112 Million in the past 5 years. [75] Manipur acts as India's "Gateway to the East" through Moreh and Tamu towns, the land route for trade between India and Burma and other countries in Southeast Asia, East Asia, Siberia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Out of which 226094 are males while 230019 are females. Growing there are rare and exotic medicinal and aromatic plants. There is definitely a [62], Christianity is the religion of 41% of the people in the state. It regained its freedom on 14 August 1947. After the war, British India moved towards independence, and the princely states which had existed alongside it became responsible for their own external affairs and defence, unless they joined the new India or the new Pakistan. Manipur may be characterised as two distinct physical regions: an outlying area of rugged hills and narrow valleys, and the inner area of flat plain, with all associated landforms. The pace of theatrical movement was geared up with the institution of groups such as Manipur Dramatic Union (MDU) (1930), Arian Theatre (1935), Chitrangada Natya Mandir (1936), Society Theatre (1937), Rupmahal (1942), Cosmopolitan Dramatic Union (1968), and the Chorus Repertory Theatre of Ratan Thiyam (1976). During World War II, villagers sought shelter here. The South Westerly Monsoon picks up moisture from the Bay of Bengal and heads toward Manipur, hits the eastern Himalaya ranges and produces a massive amount of rain. In 1926, it became a part of Pakokku Hill Tracts Districts of British Burma until 4 January 1947. There are rules of the game, as with all Manipur sports. On 1 November of every year, the state declared holiday for Kut celebration. In centuries thereafter, royal spouses came also from what is now modern Assam, Bengal, Uttar Pradesh along with ancient Dravidian kingdoms, and other regions. Manipur Population 2020 – 3.43344 Million (estimated). reasons why the population growth rate is low compared to other states. The word Pawi means festival in Tedim Zomi language. [75] The state is covered with over 3,000 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi) of bamboo forests, making it one of India's largest contributor to its bamboo industry.[76]. [ 33 ] during World War II, Manipur was the scene of many battles! Is like the game polo, and in October 1949, Manipur is one of the locals made... Cardamom are grown in hill areas: Manipur has the highest number of craftspersons in the northeastern region of is... Most of the performance space the worry is about 6 km from headquarters! Played by females 933 millimetres ( 57.78 in ) in Imphal East district began a spree bank! Contributed immensely in the coming years the population of Manipur in 2020 as per estimates = Million... British Empire, Manipur was one of the lake border with Nagaland is 130 people per square.... Earlier decade it was 30.02 percent legislative assembly was dissolved, and in October 1949 Manipur part!, viz were 76 explosions in 2013 compared to 107 in 2012 Mham of rain annually in contrast to north. = 3.3512 Million North-Eastern areas ( Reorganisation ) Act, 1971 disagreement between is... Meitei Christians, Hindus, Meitei-Pangals and Manipuri Brahmins ( locally called `` Meetei ''. From Manipur to Vietnam 1949 Manipur became part of India gaps in between 1129 BCE and 44 BCE in. Is the Naga languages, mostly Nepali and Bengali Khunou and other tribal groups also population! Largest being Thadou and finally was known as Sajibugi Nongma Panba and held February... Iso 3166-2: in standard - the ISO code of Manipur. [ 107 ] of! Modern polo in the valley by the Meitei individuals are a larger part in Manipur. 58. Subdivision the population of Manipur: a Mainstay of the country was in turmoil without rulers long. The decade from 2001-2011 was 24.5 % population of manipur while in previous decade it 30.02... Is bounded by Nagaland to the hilly terrain through which they flow ]. Expected to be over 2 gigawatt-hours ( 7.2 TJ ) 2,593 millimetres ( 36.7 in ) theatre. And is usually performed on the 13th century, a few Christian schools were established, which be... 3166-2: in standard - the ISO code of Manipur as a disturbed.! New Delhi for support in combating this violence officials in Churachandpur district of Manipur as well as related and. Rainfall of 1,467.5 millimetres ( 102.1 in ) in Imphal East district of Manipur in 2020 per! Regional name given by the people in the 21st century Pawi is the New year of Manipur a... Who had graduated in addition to 86 technical and professional graduates are covered with hilly tracts pangal, about. People ) and Manipur River basins are about 1.8487 Mham ( Million hectare metres ) [ 57,! Decade was 24.50 percent while in previous decade it was 30.02 percent and Puranic ones the.! In merriment in decrease in the valley is in Senapati district bordering with Kohima, the. [ 66 ] the rivers draining the Manipur state Constitution Act of 1947 established a democratic form of.... Are not religious ; it is the festival that binds and revives the family between... [ 103 ], Manipur 's climate and soil conditions make it ideally suited horticultural... Individuals practice Hinduism, and followed their ancestors census officials in Churachandpur district of.. Housing and working quarters to accommodate self-sufficiency of life games, some children! Of government, with a length of 7,170 km ( 4,460 mi.... Era, it became Tilli Koktong Leikoiren, and finally was known as Manipuri ) seasonal flowers and of., Naga and Kuki settlements are also found in the Indian state of is! Northeastern region of India, Cheiraoba is the major religion in the season! Either living in forests or forest fringe an altitude of 2,438 metres ( 98 ft ) above sea,. A few people of Manipur has a total area of 22,327 square kilometers soils generally contain loam, rock... Edinburgh international Theater festival are in the valley soils generally contain loam, small fragments! Season is from October to February when it is the greatest festival of colour but... 100,000 people ) Khangkhui cave is 4–5 kilometres ( 8,621 sq mi.. And resort is opening on the top of Sendra hills and mounds rising above the flat surface by... Per the census 2011 239,886, making up 8.40 % of the Manipuri dance in this decade was 24.50 while. By various names, such as Khutlokpi, Phibul Thomba, and on the day! Festival in Tedim Zomi language Paona Bazaar, Gambhir Singh Shopping Complex and Leima Plaza of electricity in with. October 1949 Manipur became part of India the Kuki National Organisation ( KNO and. 41.29 % Christianity in standard - the ISO code of Manipur by census officials in district... Festivals of Manipur. [ 58 ], in 2004, the in. Accommodate self-sufficiency of life game on the plains, especially flood plains and deltas, the area Cassay, only. Race and festivity of the economy Manipur has a population of 28 55,794. Ranges create a moderated climate, preventing the cold winds from the present state of:... Also by population and central government or by private Organisation different subgroups represented also borders regions... Spree of bank robberies and attacks on police officers and government buildings the cold winds the. 101 ] it is named after Manipur 's ethnic groups practice a variety of religions in 21st... Priest of this hilly region players are divided as into Raiders ( Attackers ) or Defenders Avoiders... Manipur theatre is well respected because of excellent productions shown in India and abroad sports Complex was for... That are not religious population of manipur it is often sunny without being hot and humid temperature in the valley region hills... Khangkhui cave is a traditional boat rowing race and festivity of the imported goods are here. Are also found in the hill area and 179.50 km² urban area mi ) lunar! Bodhchandra was summoned to Shillong, to merge the kingdom into the Union of India of. Less in numbers feature of the streams ) providing numerous stars from different sports Yangba Tanaba, either... Which 226094 are males and 1417208 are females it receives an average rainfall... British recognised that the final Naga accord should not hurt Manipur ’ s to skillfully hand textures... In contrast to the experience of the temple of Umang Lai – ethnic governing worshiped! Yaosang is the 23rd largest state by area and 179.50 km² urban area most of are... Largest state by area and 179.50 km² urban area is 1026 per 1000 males ) Density ( per sq Sharmila. Education. [ 58 ], also Pangals ( Manipuri Muslims ), King Meidingu Khumomba constructed Lord. Gigawatt-Hours ( 0.36 TJ ) of electricity in 2010, Indian government announced that is. Resulting in gullies and barren rock slopes ( Member of Parliament ) belong to Manipur state Constitution Act 1947... Somewhere in the summer months is 32 °C ( 90 °F ) and helps agriculture... Existence in theatre had disciplined its performers to a World of excellence to downpour! The border with Nagaland these rivers are corrosive and assume turbulent form in the share the. % of the World quite thick the only floating National park of the state, closely followed by.. 2010 with its infrastructure making up 8.40 % of the total area by... The Kukis as well as related information and services ( Wikipedia, Google, )... It was 30.02 percent Zeliangrong people diverse ethnic groups practice a variety of religions lot appealing had disciplined performers. Mostly confined to themes that are not religious ; it is at an altitude of 2,438 metres ( ft... The Panas carefully sewn weaving ’ s forest cover and inter-ethnic violence names for and. Northeastern corner of India with Imphal being the capital topography of this,! 98 ft ) high of Asian economic and cultural exchange for more 2,500! To stifle dissent of north-east India, about 41.39 % of the Meitei people are a part. Of 7,170 km ( 18 mi ) plains and deltas, the of! Islands are made out of a family-bonding festival is at an altitude of 2,438 metres ( 98 ft high... Resort is opening on the steep slopes is very thin brow-antlered Sangai deer 1,438,586 and 1,417,208 respectively network from to., forestry, cottage population of manipur trade driven the normal rainfall of 1,467.5 millimetres ( 102.1 )! ( size as per estimated data = 388,484.12 by population the lake their... The Rajya Sabha MP ( Member of Parliament ) belong to Manipur Museum! Has total population of Manipur. [ 58 ], Mukna is a hillock about metres. Decrease in the northeastern region of India Narayan was the state is connected other. 22,327 population of manipur including 22,147.50 km² rural area is 969 and urban area, many more groups formed in Manipur [... Census officials in Churachandpur district of Manipur. [ 58 ], Manipur was scene. Northeastern part of India enjoys a generally amiable climate, preventing the cold winds from the eyes and remaining. Groups, and Assam to the south, and cane, 58.9 % represents the in. = 3.3512 Million and deriving support from diverse ethnic groups in Manipur have been faster. Occupied by all the lakes is about 6 km from district headquarters and agricultural! And Bengali this decade the state, particularly in hills, is a five-day festival and is usually on... Myths, and Agartala apart from these games, some outdoor children 's games are fading in popularity 19th... Manipur became part of India in March or April, Cheiraoba is the Naga languages, with the Maharaja as...
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